Turkey on Wednesday witnessed the opening of the country’s first and Europe and the Middle East’s only integrated solar panel manufacturing facility, which promises to further develop the country’s renewable energy resources.
Established in Ankara’s Başkent Organized Industrial Zone, the major solar ingot-wafer-module-cell production factory of Kalyon Group was opened in a ceremony attended by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.
The facility will be operated through an investment of $400 million (TL 2.9 billion) at a 100,000-square-meter (nearly 25-acre) closed area and will employ 1,400 people, Erdoğan said in his speech.
“I believe the facility will take our country to leadership in the solar panel industry,” he stressed.
The factory will manufacture solar panels with a capacity of 500 megawatts (MW) per year, the president noted. “We are going to prevent millions of dollars’ worth of imports of solar panels and components,” Erdoğan said.
“Turkey has come to a position in renewable energy area where it can manufacture technology,” Treasury and Finance Minister Berat Albayrak said in his speech at the ceremony, expressing belief that the country will move forward in other areas of technology as well.
Also addressing the ceremony, Energy and Natural Resources Minister Fatih Dönmez said the facility would help prevent nearly $100 million worth of imports each year.
“Our factory, which came to life with an investment of $400 million, will be the world’s only fully integrated solar panel plant operating under one roof,” he said.
Turkey has managed to become ninth in the world and third in Europe among countries that have increased their installed solar power capacity since it started bringing solar plants into action in 2014, Dönmez said.
With the commissioning of the plant, the share of solar energy in electricity production in Turkey will increase by 25% and the annual emission of 2 million tons of carbon dioxide will be prevented, the minister added.
Kalyon’s facility will produce components for Turkey’s biggest solar power plant, which will be established in the Karapınar district of the central Anatolian province of Konya as part of the first solar Renewable Energy Resource Zone (YEKA) tender with a capacity of 1,000 megawatts.
Kalyon Holding, together with a South Korean Hanwha Q-Cells consortium, won the tender for Turkey’s biggest solar power plant project – the Karapınar Renewable Energy Resources Zone Project – in March 2017 at a cost of $0.0699 per kilowatt-hour. However, Hanwha will not continue with the project, and China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC) has stepped in to construct the facility and to provide an additional two years of technical assistance after the turnkey contract expires.
CETC is one of the biggest companies in China and is known for building China’s first satellite, airborne radar and guided missiles, and for developing and manufacturing electronics.
Under the tender rules, solar components are to be produced locally, and the tender also stipulates that local engineers should constitute 80% of the project’s workforce.
The construction of the module cell factory to produce four units – ingot, wafer, module and cell – was inaugurated at a groundbreaking ceremony in December 2017.
The factory, which stands among the 20 such integrated facilities in the world in this sense, will have a research and development (R&D) center for the development of solar power technologies. The center will employ about 100 engineers.
The components produced at the facility will be used for Karapınar YEKA in the first three years of operations, after which the Turkish company might explore supplying other local projects and international markets.
“The factory will add to the dynamism of the renewable energy industry,” Dönmez said in his speech.
The facility holds a significant place in Turkey’s national energy policy.
“One by one, we are taking steps to end our country’s external dependency,” Albayrak said. “We are starting to produce our national energy with our clean and independent energy technology,” the minister said on Twitter prior to the opening.
Two-thirds of the country’s electricity generation is derived from domestic and renewable resources, Albayrak added. “Turkey’s electricity generation from domestic and renewable resources reached 90% on May 24,” he said.
The country plans to boost its wind and solar capacity by 10,000 MW each year over the coming decade through YEKA. Dönmez announced plans to hold YEKA tenders for solar energy in a new form, known as “mini YEKA,” which are due to be held in October.
Of the two types of technology most widely utilized in solar panels worldwide, Kalyon’s panel facility will produce the higher efficient monocrystalline solar panels rather than polycrystalline solar cells.
Monocrystalline solar panels are currently the most widely used worldwide and are even expected to become more widespread in the future.